Pre-dialysis care trajectories of patients with end-stage kidney disease starting dialysis in emergency in France - EHESP - École des hautes études en santé publique Access content directly
Journal Articles Kidney International Reports Year : 2021

Pre-dialysis care trajectories of patients with end-stage kidney disease starting dialysis in emergency in France

Abstract

Introduction - Emergency dialysis start (EDS) is frequent for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). To improve CKD management, new trajectory-based care policies are currently being introduced both in France and in the United States. This study describes the different types of predialysis care trajectories and factors associated with EDS. Methods - Adults patients who started dialysis in France in 2015 were included. Individual clinical and health care consumption data were retrieved from the French national end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) registry (Renal Epidemiology and Information Network [REIN]) and the French National Health Data system (SNDS), respectively. Hierarchical Clustering on Principal Component was used to identify groups of patients with the same health care consumption profile during the 2 years before dialysis start. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors associated with EDS. Results - Among the 8856 patients included in the analysis, 2681 (30.3%) had EDS. The Hierarchical Clustering on Principal Component identified six types of predialysis care trajectories in which EDS rate ranged from 13.8% to 61.8%. After adjustment for the patients' characteristics, less frequent or lack of follow-up with a nephrologist was associated with higher risk of EDS (odds ratio [OR]: 1.32; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.17-1.50 and OR: 1.83; 95% CI: 1.58-2.12), but not follow-up with a general practitioner. Conclusions - The care trajectories during the 2 years before dialysis start were heterogeneous and patients with a lesser or lack of follow-up with a nephrologist were more likely to start dialysis in emergency, regardless of the frequency of follow-up by a general practitioner (GP). New CKD policies should include actions to strengthen CKD screening and referral to nephrologists.
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hal-02986830 , version 1 (09-07-2021)

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Maxime Raffray, Cécile Vigneau, Cécile Couchoud, Sahar Bayat. Pre-dialysis care trajectories of patients with end-stage kidney disease starting dialysis in emergency in France. Kidney International Reports, 2021, 6 (1), pp.156-167. ⟨10.1016/j.ekir.2020.10.026⟩. ⟨hal-02986830⟩
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