Assessing the Risk of Relapse Requiring Corticosteroids After In Vitro Fertilization in Women With Multiple Sclerosis - EHESP - École des hautes études en santé publique Access content directly
Journal Articles Neurology Year : 2022

Assessing the Risk of Relapse Requiring Corticosteroids After In Vitro Fertilization in Women With Multiple Sclerosis

Abstract

Background and objectives - Several studies have shown an increased risk of relapse after in vitro fertilization (IVF) in women with multiple sclerosis (MS), especially when a gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist stimulation protocol was used. Our objective was to investigate the risk of relapse after IVF in women with MS, overall and according to stimulation protocol (GnRH agonists vs antagonists), using data from the French national health insurance database. Methods - This retrospective cohort study included all women with MS who have benefited from IVF between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2015, in France. Three-month exposed periods after IVF were compared with unexposed periods before IVF, each woman being her own control. Four outcomes were considered: annualized relapse rate (ARR), proportion of IVF with relapse, difference in the number of relapses "after-before," and the delay from IVF to the first relapse. Relapses were identified by an algorithm based on MS-related hospital admissions and the use of corticosteroid therapy. Stimulation protocols and disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) were identified using drug claims. Zero-inflated Poisson regression models adjusted for age at IVF and the presence of DMT were used. A random effect on women was included because women may undergo multiple IVF procedures. Subgroup analyses by stimulation protocol and IVF outcome (pregnancy or failure) were conducted. Results - A total of 225 women accounting for 338 IVF procedures were included (the mean age at the first IVF 34.6 ± 4.5 years; 36% of women underwent at least 2 IVF procedures during the period). No increase in the risk of relapse after IVF was found overall (before vs after IVF: 0.20 vs 0.18 relapse per patient-year; 7.7% vs 7.1% of IVF with women having at least one relapse) and in subgroups. A lower ARR before and after IVF was observed among women who remained treated until IVF. Discussion - The maintenance of DMT until IVF seemed to be a determining factor in reducing the risk of relapse. Women with MS should be reassured because we did not show an increased risk of relapse requiring the use of corticosteroid therapy after IVF neither with GnRH agonists nor with GnRH antagonists.

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Dates and versions

hal-03751891 , version 1 (21-09-2022)

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Marie Mainguy, Hélène Tillaut, Adeline Degremont, Emmanuelle Le Page, Christelle Mainguy, et al.. Assessing the Risk of Relapse Requiring Corticosteroids After In Vitro Fertilization in Women With Multiple Sclerosis. Neurology, 2022, 99 (17), pp.10.1212/WNL.0000000000201027. ⟨10.1212/WNL.0000000000201027⟩. ⟨hal-03751891⟩
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