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Journal Articles Journal of Affective Disorders Year : 2015

Suicidal ideation and mental health disorders in young school children across Europe

Daniel Pilowsky
  • Function : Author
Dietmar Goelitz
  • Function : Author
Rowella Kuijpers
  • Function : Author
Roy Otten
  • Function : Author
Maria Francesca Moro
  • Function : Author
Adina Bitfoi
  • Function : Author
Ceren Koç
  • Function : Author
Sigita Lesinskiene
  • Function : Author
Zlatka Mihova
  • Function : Author
Greg Hanson
  • Function : Author
Ondine Pez
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 938716
Mauro Giovanni Carta
  • Function : Author

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to measure the prevalence of suicidal ideation and thoughts of death in elementary school children in a European survey and to determine the associated socio-demographic and clinical factors. METHODS: Data refer to children aged 6-12 (N=7062) from Italy, Turkey, Romania, Bulgaria, Lithuania, Germany, and the Netherlands randomly selected in primary schools. Suicidal thoughts and death ideation were measured using a computerized pictorial diagnostic tool from the Dominic Interactive (DI) completed by the children. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was administrated to teachers and parents along with a socio-demographic questionnaire. RESULTS: Suicidal ideation was present in 16.96% of the sample (from 9.9 in Italy to 26.84 in Germany), death thoughts by 21.93% (from 7.71% in Italy to 32.78 in Germany). SI and DT were more frequent in single-parent families and large families. Externalizing disorders were strongly correlated with SI and DT after controlling for other factors and this was true for internalizing disorders only when reported by the children. CONCLUSION: Recognizing suicidal ideation in young children may be recommended as part of preventive strategies such as screening in the context of the presence of any mental health problems whether externalizing or internalizing.
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Dates and versions

hal-02460596 , version 1 (30-01-2020)

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Viviane Kovess-Masféty, Daniel Pilowsky, Dietmar Goelitz, Rowella Kuijpers, Roy Otten, et al.. Suicidal ideation and mental health disorders in young school children across Europe. Journal of Affective Disorders, 2015, 177, pp.28-35. ⟨10.1016/j.jad.2015.02.008⟩. ⟨hal-02460596⟩
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