The replication properties of a contemporary Zika virus from West Africa depends on NS1/NS4B proteins - Biospectroscopie Translationnelle Access content directly
Preprints, Working Papers, ... (Preprint) Year : 2024

The replication properties of a contemporary Zika virus from West Africa depends on NS1/NS4B proteins

Abstract

Zika virus (ZIKV) have become a global health problem over the past decade due to the extension of the geographic distribution of ZIKV of Asian genotype. Epidemics of Asian ZIKV have been associated with developmental disorders in humans. ZIKV of African lineage would have an epidemic potential associated to fetal pathogenicity requiring a greater attention towards the most recently isolated viral strains from West Africa. In the present study, an infectious molecular clone GUINEA-18 has been obtained from viral strain ZIKV-15555 that had been sequenced from an individual infected by ZIKV in Guinea in 2018. A molecular clone-based comparative study between GUINEA-18 and viral clone MR766 MC from historical African ZIKV strain MR766 revealed a lower replication rate for GUINEA-18 associated to a weaker cytotoxicity and reduced innate immune system activation in Vero E6, A549 and HCM3 cell lines. Analysis of chimeric viruses between MR766 MC and GUINEA-18 stressed the importance NS1/NS4B proteins with a particular focus for NS4B on GUINEA-18 replication properties. ZIKV has developed strategies to prevent cytoplasmic stress granule formation which occurs in response to virus infection. Study of G3BP protein showed that GUINEA-18 but not MR766 MC was efficient to inhibit stress granule assembly in A549 cells subjected to a physiological stressor. GUINEA-18 depends on NS1/NS4B proteins for suppressing stress granule response to environmental stress. The involvement of GUINEA-18 NS1/NS4B proteins on virus replication capability and host-cell responses to ZIKV infection raises the question of the importance of nonstructural proteins in the pathogenicity of contemporary viral strains from West Africa.
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hal-04512995 , version 1 (20-03-2024)

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Dana Machmouchi, Marie-Pierre Courageot, Chaker El-Kalamouni, Alain Kohl, Philippe Desprès. The replication properties of a contemporary Zika virus from West Africa depends on NS1/NS4B proteins. 2024. ⟨hal-04512995⟩
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